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Dog allergies describe the hypersensitivity of some dogs when they are exposed to particular substances or environments. Allergies usually become visible through skin conditions. A skin irritation caused by an allergy is generally easy to identify, having as companions redness, itching, hair loss, recurring skin infections.
There are 5 Most Common Dog Allergies:
- Food Allergies
- Flea Allergies
- Bacteria Allergies
- Contact Allergies
- Atopy Allergies
Although, I’ll be presenting each type of dog allergy in a separate, more detailed, post, I take this chance to give you some information about the causes, symptoms and possible treatment of each dog allergy.
Dog Allergies caused by Food
- Allergens. Dog food allergies can have multiple causes and can develop over long periods of time. The most common allergens are: beef, dairy products, chicken, corn, soy, rice.
- Symptoms. The most common symptoms of dog food allergy are skin irritation, excessive itching, hair loss, redness, bald spots, wounds. Vomiting can also be present, as well as bowel movements.
- Treatment. Generally, the easiest solution is to change the dog’s diet with hypoallergenic foods. However, the best way to start would be to pay a visit to your veterinarian first.
Dog Allergies caused by Fleas
- Allergens. The main cause of this type of allergy is the saliva of the fleas that irritates the dog’s skin. Fleas suck the dog’s blood, just like mosquitoes do.
- Symptoms. They are very similar to those caused by food allergies. Dogs present redness, itchy spots and they usually start chewing their skin.
- Treatment. A possible solution might be a bath in cool water, using an anti-fleas shampoo. But this, of course, depends on the severity of the situation.
Dog Allergies caused by Bacteria
- Allergens. One common allergen is Staphylococcus
- Symptoms. The most common reactions include hair loss, red blotches, pus pockets and ringworms.
- Treatment. The best way to start curing this kind of allergy is through a blood test. After determining the exact cause of the problem, you can ask your vet for the appropriate treatment.
Dog Allergies caused by Contact
- Allergens. The allergens cover a wide variety of substances and other items like plants, cleaning products, chemicals and even the grass.
- Symptoms. Very similar to those coming from bacteria or fleas, including fur loss, itchy spots and redness.
- Treatment. There are more methods of treating this type of allergy, including the use of a particular shampoo, oral steroids or natural treatments like omega-3.
Atopic Dog Allergies (or Inhalant Allergies)
- Allergens. Atopic allergies can be caused by fleas, chemicals, airborne, house dust, mites, molds, pollens and many other agents.
- Symptoms. The symptoms can include itching, hair loss, biting, face rubbing, skin infections, red bumps, licking and chewing spots.
- Treatment. The solutions include using a particular shampoo, creams or salves, omega 3 fatty acids, steroids, immunotherapy, antihistamines.
Dog Training Tip #1